A continuing genocide.
On behalf of the so-called “Peaceful Liberation of Tibet”, the PRC held until 1990, a genocide of 1.200.000 people, about 20% of Tibetan population.
Of the 6,254 monasteries, only 14 were rebuilt, 4 were transformed into military prison and the others were destroyed. Nuns and monks were forced to have sexual relations in public. Thousands of Tibetans were sent to labor camps. Sacred buildings were turned on stables and grain warehouses. Sacred rocks with mantras were used for the construction of public urinary. Libraries with centennial manuscripts were set afire. Many hermits were tortured, insulted and ridiculed publicly.
Tibet is important to China for a lot of reasons: Chinese authorities have systematically exploited Tibet’s natural resources, devastating Tibet’s ancient forests and unique wildlife, mining minerals and precious herbs, and using the Tibetan plateau as a nuclear dump site. Also, it has an important geopolitical situation in Asia. The 25% of the intercontinental missiles’ of the PCR are located in Tibet. So more than ever before, the need to save the Tibetan plateau from ecological devastation is urgent.
The lack of Human Rights.
At this moment, 16 articles of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights (pdf) are being violated in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR). Chinese troops are everywhere. The Tibetan people are discriminated against in every area of social life, from education through social care, work, living conditions and religion and they have no freedoms. To speak against the Communist Party is severely punished. If someone has a picture of His Holiness the Dalai Lama or a Tibetan flag or any material pro Tibet is jailed immediately. The simple fact to talk with a foreigner is a reason to be arrested.
The Chinese government has found the “final solution” for Tibet: The systematic transfer of Chinese colonists to the region, the transfer of Tibetans to other places of China (where they are discriminated and marginalized), as well as abortions or female sterilizations of Tibetan women.
The Chinese government taxes ruin the poor or nomadic Tibetan families and leave little means of survival to the rest. Small businesses, hotels, cinemas, restaurants, etc., are all in Chinese hands. The labels of all establishments are written in Chinese characters and, much lower in Tibetan script .The Chinese is the official language. By the other side, Chinese Government send Tibetan children to other places of China, where they are educated in a Chinese way.
Some Tibetan areas as Lhasa are being demolished and replaced by smaller buildings so the new and free space are used by Chinese for their activities.The area situated below the Potala Palace (His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s home) with his traditional Tibetan houses was demolished and built the “Potala Square” whenever national holidays are celebrated, the flag-raising ceremony is held there by fully-armed soldiers.
About mass media, in the region there are not independent media. Television is something extremely limited and tightly controlled by PRC authorities. Foreign journalists are not well received and usually they are expelled. Only “The Voice of America” and Radio Free Asia provide real information about news on Tibet.
Some of the common practices carried out by the Chinese authorities are:
• Violation of the right to religious freedom
• Violation of the right to freedom of expression and opinion
• People arrested or imprisoned for political reasons
• Existence of forced labor camp for common and political prisoners.
• Indiscriminate arrests and imprisonment without trial
• Systematic tortures and murdered of prisoners and executions
• Racial and linguistic discrimination.
• Policy of systematic transfer of both Chinese to Tibetan area and of Tibetans to Chinese areas.
• Tibetan children do not attend school or are expelled from schools and also sent out of Tibet to be educated to the Chinese way.
• Birth control and sterilization of Tibetan women.
Long before the events of Tiananmen Square, the Chinese army shot repeatedly times on peaceful Tibetans demonstrations. After one of these brutal attacks, in March1989, hundreds of Tibetans died and the martial law was proclaimed in Lhasa .It was three months before the event of Tiananmen. However, even during the tragedy of Tiananmen, the news rarely mentions Tibet.
Although Tibet is approximately as large as the European Union, the world has not paid enough attention to the suffering that has taken place there. Many political leaders of many countries continue being obstinate to meet themselves in public with the Dalai Lama, by fear to displease the Chinese government.
At the moment the Chinese leaders sign agreements with other countries in exchange for which they prohibit any Chinese manifestation in his respective countries.
Although the Chinese authorities take advantage of any opportunity to repeat that “Chinese always has respected the religious freedom of Tibet”, the truth is on March 25, 1995, the Government announced a decree to restrict the number of monks who each monastery can have and also the amount of the donations to temples. Construction of new monasteries must be authorized by the government under the argument that “the monasteries should be in the hands of law-abiding and patriotic monks”.
Furthermore, in each monastery there is a small group of Chinese inspectors that control and supervise the activities of the temples. All the children under 15 that wish to enter a monastery are rejected, (when before they could enter children of 6 years old). Hundreds of monks have been jailed for not removing His Holiness’ picture of their altars. And when are finally released after innumerable sufferings in prison, they are expelled from their monasteries and exiled to their native villages.
In February 1996 The Chinese government issued a directive to close politically active monasteries and ordered the replacement of all monasteries leaders by those certified by Chinese officials as “patriotic”. Also some months later, it issued another directive banning photographs of the Dalai Lama in monasteries while Chinese leaders affirmed that the religious position of His Holiness was “heretical”.
In May as the “strike hard” campaign reached Tibet and the government intensified efforts to discredit the Dalai Lama, violence erupted at Ganden, one of the three main monasteries in Lhasa, because of the clear opposition of the monks.
An official receive an aggression and, army troops arrived and cause a tragedy: ten monks died, five are wounded and about sixty are arrested. The monastery was closed.
The Chinese authorities also use the so-called “work teams”, a special group of Chinese officials in charge of the rehabilitation of Tibetans monks. This “team”, Maoist legacy of repression, is a group of lay Tibetan without no competition in special, and whose primary purpose is that monks repudiate the Dalai Lama and also sign a five-point statement:
1. - Rejecting the Dalai Lama as spiritual head.
2. - Accepting the Panchen Lama appointed by Beijing.
3. - Recognizing that Tibet always has been a part of China.
4. - Promising that they will never do “separatist” activities.
5. - Renouncing to Tibetan independence.
The “re-educators” also usually include a sixth point that they consider very important: Never listen to the emissions of “The Voice of America” in Tibetan language. Who refuse to sign or protests are jailed. This re-education usually is done three times per week. The session lasts four hours. It’s done in small groups and with special attention to monks under 18 years old and usually have the “support” of four texts about history, religion, law and “separatism”.
The case of the Panchen Lama.
The Panchen Lama or “Great Scholar”, is the title given by His Holiness the 5th Dalai Lama “the Great Fifth””, to the abbot of Tashilhunpo monastery. To Tibetan, the Panchen Lama is considered to be an emanation of the Buddha Amitabha, the Buddha of Infinite Light and is the second religious leader after the Dalai Lama. The Panchen Lama does not have political responsibilities, but along with his role as a teacher of dharma, he is responsible for the recognition of rebirths of Dalai Lama.
May 14, 1995, His Holiness the Dalai Lama recognized to Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama. He was born in April 25, 1989, in Lhari (Tibet) in a poor family. The new Panchen Lama passed all the tests which it was put under to him for his verification like the Eleventh reincarnation of the Panchen Lama. Also, he had official recognition of the Tibetan oracle, consulted for this purpose in a meticulous process known like “the three pleas to the Three Infallible Jewels”.
July 12, 1995 The monastery of Tashilhunpo was invaded by the police. Near 50 monks, including the lama Chadrel Rinpoche (the abbot of the monastery who had led the commission to search the Panchen Lama), was jailed and tortured, although the worse thing already had happene.
Gedhun and his parents had disappeared on May 17. During one year the Chinese government did not want to give any information about the boy and his parents.
May 28, 1996, the official press of the People’s Republic of China, Xinhua announced that Gedhun was “under protection of the government at the request of its parents, due to the risk of being kidnapped by separatists”. In fact on May, 17 1995 a special group of the Chinese army, in an operation surprise, were able to kidnap the small lama and transfer him to a place not known in Chinese territory.
November 29, 1996 Chinese government annulled the appointment made by His Holiness the Dalai Lama about the recognition of 11th Panchen Lama and announced they had discovered the incarnation of the Panchen Lama, a boy called Gyaltsen Norbu, and “accidentally”, son of a member of the Chinese Communist Party.
At the moment Chadrel Rinpoche it still in jail and Gedhun Choekyi Nyima is the youngest political prisoner in the world.the world.
Currently there are near of 1.100 political prisoners in Tibet, including the Panchen Lama. According to Amnesty International, many of those political prisoners (including a lot of conscience prisoners), were jailed without charge or trial. This practice reflects the known by the Chinese Xian pan hou shen (First the verdict, then the trial). Contrasted stories indicate that the prisoners have been systematically interrogated, beaten and mistreated and tortured in the cruelest forms.
At the moment the only solution that has the Tibetan population as a form of protest is through self-immolation. Already more than 130 people (mostly monks) have had to resort to this dreadful act of protest.
The Tibetan culture now is better preserved “outside” that “inside” of Tibet. According to a report of the International Committee of Jurists, inside Tibet the Chinese government is committing a cultural and human genocide in mass in the most flagrant violation of human rights.